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7 Essential Herbalism Practices for Beginners


Ever felt overwhelmed by the sheer amount of information on herbalism?

You’re not alone.

I was there once, sifting through old books and cluttered websites, seeking clarity.

That’s why I’ve compiled the most impactful steps for beginners.

I promise, these seven practices will equip you with the knowledge to navigate the herbal world successfully.

Dive in, and let’s explore the essentials together,

One leaf at a time.

Herbalism, an age-old practice of using plants and plant extracts for medicinal purposes, serves as a natural and holistic approach to treating and preventing health issues. Rooted deeply in traditions across the globe, it emphasizes on using herbs like rosemary, oregano, and chives, not just for their culinary benefits but for their potential in enhancing general health and well-being 1345. The versatility of herbalism is reflected in its applications—ranging from dried herbs, herbal teas, to extracts like fenugreek herb, triphala, and St. John’s wort, which are turned into therapeutic remedies addressing various ailments from throat coat to valerian for sleep 6.

Embarking on the journey of herbalism allows individuals to explore the multifaceted benefits of herbs, fostering a sense of autonomy over their healing process. This practice not only connects one to the wisdom of the natural world but also supports mental health by reducing anxiety and depression, highlighting the importance of starting simple with locally sourced plants. As beginners navigate through creating herbal medicine, understanding the safe use and proper dosage becomes essential to harness the full potential of herbal remedies 26.

Understanding Herbs

Understanding the basics of herbs and their counterparts, spices, is essential for anyone delving into herbalism. Here’s a quick breakdown to help beginners distinguish between the two and understand their uses:

  • Herbs vs. Spices: Herbs are typically the leafy parts of plants without woody stems, often used fresh to enhance the flavor of dishes. In contrast, spices can be seeds, bark, roots, or other parts of the plant, usually dried, and known for their strong flavors 7.
  • Usage and Potency: Fresh herbs, like basil, cilantro, and rosemary, are great for garnishing and imparting bold flavors in cooking. However, when using dried herbs, it’s important to remember they lose some of their potency, so you might need to use more compared to fresh ones. Spices, being usually dried, have a more concentrated flavor and are used in smaller amounts 78.

Storage and Health Benefits:

  • Storage Tips: To preserve their flavors, both herbs and spices should be stored in a cool, dark place. Proper storage can significantly extend their shelf life and maintain the quality of flavors they impart to your dishes 9.
  • Health Benefits: Beyond adding depth to your meals, herbs and spices carry numerous health benefits, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Incorporating them into your diet can contribute to overall health and well-being 9.

By understanding these fundamental aspects, beginners can start experimenting with various herbs and spices to create unique and flavorful dishes, while also reaping their health benefits.

Starting Your Herb Garden

Starting your herb garden requires thoughtful preparation and a keen understanding of what your herbs need to thrive. Here’s how to get started:

  1. Choosing the Right Location and Setup:
    • Outdoor Herb Gardens: Look for a sunny spot with well-draining soil. Most herbs thrive in locations that receive at least six hours of sunlight daily. Avoid areas where water stands after a rainstorm to prevent root rot 14.
    • Indoor Herb Gardens: If you’re limited on outdoor space, an indoor garden by a south-facing window can provide ample light. Ensure the area is away from cold drafts and that pots have proper drainage to keep your herbs healthy 14.
  2. Selecting Your Herbs:
    • What to Grow: Begin with herbs you frequently use in cooking. This might include basil, cilantro, or rosemary. Consider starting with plants for a quicker start, though seeds are also an option for those looking for a challenge 14.
    • Herb Groups for Beginners: For those new to herbalism, starting with a manageable number of herbs is advisable. A good starter set might include calendula, elder (berry and flower), and holy basil among others. These herbs are not only versatile but also known for their ease of growth 1.
  3. Planting and Maintenance:
    • Soil Preparation: Use a high-quality potting mix designed for vegetables and herbs. For outdoor gardens, enhance soil with organic matter to ensure good drainage and nutrient content 15.
    • Planting: Whether in pots or in-ground, make a hole slightly larger than the root ball, place your herb in, and gently backfill. Water thoroughly after planting 15.
    • Ongoing Care: Herbs require regular watering, especially during dry spells, but be careful not to overwater. Harvest herbs before they flower for the best flavor, cutting branches in midmorning for optimal freshness 13.

By following these steps, you can establish a flourishing herb garden that not only adds beauty to your space but also provides fresh herbs for your culinary creations and herbalism practices.

Harvesting Herbs

Harvesting herbs is a crucial step in utilizing their maximum potential for flavor and health benefits. Here’s a step-by-step guide to ensure you’re doing it right:

  • Preparation:
    • Gather the clippings you wish to dry 13.
    • Shake the branches gently to remove any insects 13.
    • If necessary, rinse with cool water and pat dry with paper towels 13.
    • Use clean tools to harvest herbs, wipe the blades in between cutting different types of herbs, and sharpen them regularly 18.
  • Best Time for Harvesting:
    • Harvest herbs at the right time of year and day for maximum flavor. The ideal time is in the morning after the dew has evaporated 17.
    • Herbs should be harvested when the oils responsible for flavor and aroma are at their peak. Proper timing depends on the plant part you are harvesting and intended use 19.
  • Techniques for Different Herbs:
    • Leafy Herbs (Basil, Cilantro, Parsley, Mint): Begin harvesting when the plant has enough foliage to maintain growth. Up to 75% of the current season’s growth can be harvested at one time. For basil, harvest when the plant is 4-6 inches tall, taking up to 30% of the plant at once. Cilantro should be cut low to the ground regularly when it reaches 6 inches tall to prevent bolting. Parsley is best harvested when the leaves are divided into three segments, cutting from the outside in, low to the ground. Mint can be harvested when the plant is 4-6 inches tall, taking a lot of it as it can survive a hard cut and grows fast 2019.
    • Woody Herbs (Thyme, Rosemary, Summer Savoury): Harvest early in the morning when the plant is 5-6 inches tall, snipping tender green stems, avoiding woody bits 18.
    • Flowering Herbs (Lavender): Harvest early in the morning when flower buds appear, as the first few start to open 18.

By adhering to these guidelines, you can ensure that your herbs are harvested in a way that maximizes their freshness, flavor, and medicinal properties. Remember, the key to successful harvesting lies in the timing, the method used, and the care taken in the process.

Drying and Storing Herbs

Drying and storing herbs correctly is essential to preserve their flavor and medicinal properties. Here’s a comprehensive guide to ensure your herbs retain their potency:

Drying Methods

  • Air Drying: Ideal for herbs with low moisture content such as bay, dill, angelica, marjoram, oregano, rosemary, summer savory, and thyme. Hang or lay the herb branches out where they will get plenty of air circulation, ensuring to remove the lower leaves along the bottom inch of the stem. Bundle four to six stems together, tie them as a bunch, and optionally, place them in paper bags with holes punched in for additional protection 13.
  • Dehydrator or Oven Drying: Use a dehydrator at 95-115 degrees F until leaves crumble off the stem for a more controlled environment. Alternatively, oven drying is suitable for mint, sage, or bay leaf; spread washed leaves in a single layer on a shallow baking pan and dry at 110-130 degrees F for 3-4 hours 23.
  • Freezing: High moisture content herbs such as basil, chives, mint, and tarragon are better preserved through freezing to retain better flavor. To freeze, combine the leaves in a food processor with oil or water until they form a paste, then freeze them into cubes for easy use later on 1320.

Storage Tips

  • Airtight Containers: Once dried, store your herbs in airtight containers to protect them from moisture and light. Place these containers in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight. Label and date the containers for easy identification and to ensure they are used within their optimal period 22.
  • Usage: Dried herbs are more potent than fresh ones; use about 1 teaspoon of crumbled dried leaves in place of 1 tablespoon of fresh herbs. It’s best to use dried herbs within a year to enjoy their maximum flavor and health benefits 22.

By following these drying and storage methods, you can ensure your herbs remain a vibrant and beneficial part of your herbalism practice.

Making Herbal Remedies

When embarking on the journey of making herbal remedies, it’s crucial to understand the basics and approach this practice with care and knowledge. Here are key considerations and steps to get started:

Understanding Herbal Remedies

  • Definition and Use: Herbal remedies are plants utilized as medicine to help prevent or cure disease, relieve symptoms, boost energy, relax, or aid in weight loss 25.
  • Regulation and Safety: Unlike conventional medicines, herbal remedies are not regulated or tested in the same way. This lack of regulation means that their safety and efficacy can vary widely 25.
  • Interactions and Toxicity: It’s important to remember that ‘natural’ does not always mean ‘safe.’ Some herbal remedies can interact with prescription medicines or be toxic at high doses, leading to potential side effects 25.

Guidelines for Use

  • Research and Verification: Before trying any herbal product, closely examine the claims made about it. It’s advisable to consult with a healthcare provider and purchase products from reputable companies with certification on the label 25.
  • Special Considerations: Herbal supplements should not be given to children or used by individuals over 65 years old without professional guidance. They should also be avoided during pregnancy or breastfeeding 25.

Making Herbal Remedies at Home

  • Start with a Guide: For beginners, “Guide To Homemade Herbal Medicine: Simple Herbal Remedies From Your Garden” offers 30 recipes using common herbs for medicinal purposes. This book is a valuable resource for those looking to create their own remedies at home 26.
  • Recipe Examples:
    • Sleepy Time Tea: A calming blend of lemon balm, chamomile flowers, and borage flowers, perfect for promoting restful sleep 27.
    • Bee Balm Oxymel for Colds or Flu: Utilizes bee balm (lemon mint), apple cider vinegar, and honey to create a soothing remedy for cold and flu symptoms 27.
    • Fire Cider: A potent mix of ginger, turmeric, red cherry peppers, onion, cinnamon sticks, garlic, lemon, orange, and apple cider vinegar designed to boost the immune system 27.

Further Learning

  • Ethical Practices: Aspiring herbalists should aim to be truthful, kind, do no harm, and know when to seek further guidance or refer to a mentor 25.
  • Regulatory Knowledge: Familiarizing oneself with the FDA’s Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) is crucial for those planning to make and sell herbal products 25.
  • Building an Herbal Library: Essential reads for beginners include “Herbal Medicine for Beginners” by Katja Swift and Ryn Midura, “Herbs for Common Ailments” by Rosemary Gladstar, and “Medicinal Herbs: A Beginner’s Guide” also by Rosemary Gladstar 25.

By adhering to these guidelines and utilizing trusted resources, beginners can safely explore the world of herbal remedies, creating effective, natural treatments for a variety of conditions.

Safety and Dosage

Understanding the intricacies of herbal medicine is essential for ensuring its safe use. Here are crucial points to consider:

  • Herbal Medicine Management:
    • Treat herbal medicine as a drug, not food, to ensure safety 28.
    • Be aware of the potential for overdosage and the importance of adhering to the recommended course of treatment 28.
    • Recognize that adverse effects may stem from contamination, adulteration, misidentification, or improper processing of herbal products 28.
  • Safety Concerns and Interactions:
    • Herb-drug interactions pose significant risks due to the complex mix of active ingredients in herbal medicines 28.
    • Some products may contain unlisted ingredients or contaminants, emphasizing the need for vigilance 25.
    • The natural composition of herbal remedies doesn’t guarantee safety; they can be toxic at high doses or when interacting with other medications 25.
  • Best Practices for Herbal Medicine Use:
    • Always consult with a healthcare provider before trying any herbal product, and inform them of all herbal remedies you use 25.
    • Herbal supplements are not recommended for children or those over 65 without professional guidance 25.
    • Avoid using herbal medicines if you’re taking other medications, pregnant, breastfeeding, or undergoing surgery without consulting your provider 25.
    • Ensure the quality of herbal products by purchasing from reputable suppliers and consulting with a pharmacist or a knowledgeable practitioner about their safety and effectiveness 329.

These guidelines underscore the importance of approaching herbalism with caution and respect for its potency and potential interactions. By adhering to these practices, individuals can safely explore the benefits of herbal remedies while minimizing risks.

Continuing Your Herbal Education

For those eager to delve deeper into herbalism, a wealth of resources awaits to guide you through your educational journey. From comprehensive guides and courses to vibrant communities, here’s how you can continue to expand your knowledge and practice:

  • “The Comprehensive Guide to Herbalism for Beginners”: Offers a thorough exploration of herbalism, including growing herbs, creating an emergency herbal first aid kit, and crafting safe tinctures and ointments 31.
  • “Introduction to Herbalism: An easy to read, beginners guide” by Cass Clayborn: A detailed guide covering a wide array of culinary herbs, flowers, and shrubs, complete with origin information, historical uses, and clinical evidence. The book also features write-in note pages and ready-to-use recipes 35.
  • “Introduction to Herbalism”: A 40-page guide for beginners focusing on the basics of using herbs at home. It includes herbal profiles, preparation methods, and recipes to get started with herbalism 36.

Courses and Workshops

  • The Herbal Academy’s Introductory Herbal Course: An online, self-paced course providing foundational knowledge in herbalism. The course covers herbal preparations, body care, and holistic approaches, with lifetime access allowing for learning at one’s own pace 32.
    • Course Format: Online, available in two versions – Online Version and Online + Print Versions. The Online Version costs $349, while the Online + Print Versions cost $58.50 per month for 6 months 32.
  • Introduction to Herbal Medicine for Beginners: A 6-week online course taught by Sam Coffman, covering practical herbalism, herbal first aid, wildcrafting, and more. Offered twice a year as an interactive course, with a self-paced enrollment option available 33.
    • Tuition: $50 33.
  • Herbalism for Beginners by David Raes: An online course rated 4.4 out of 5, providing a comprehensive introduction to western herbalism. The course teaches how to make tinctures, glycerites, and formulate custom herbal medicine, with detailed information on 65 medicinal herbs 34.

Communities and Forums

Engaging with herbalism communities and forums is invaluable for sharing experiences, asking questions, and staying updated on the latest practices and discoveries. These platforms offer a space for both beginners and seasoned practitioners to learn from each other and foster a deeper connection with the herbalism world.

By utilizing these resources, beginners can embark on a fulfilling journey into herbalism, equipped with the knowledge and skills to explore the healing power of herbs safely and effectively. Whether through reading, hands-on courses, or community engagement, the path to mastering herbalism is rich with opportunities for growth and discovery.


Embarking on the journey of herbalism opens up a world of natural, holistic healing, blending tradition with practical wellness applications. Through exploring the essentials of herbal practices, from understanding and growing herbs to crafting herbal remedies, individuals gain a profound respect for nature’s healing capabilities. This article has aimed to provide beginners with a foundational knowledge, equipping them with the tools to integrate herbalism into their daily lives safely and effectively. Highlighting the importance of safety, dosage, and continuous education, we underscore the immense potential and versatility herbs offer for enhancing health and well-being.

As readers venture further into the realm of herbalism, it’s vital to approach this practice with mindfulness, recognizing the balance between harnessing nature’s gifts and respecting its limits. The implications of integrating herbal practices into one’s lifestyle are vast, promising not only enhanced physical health but also a deeper connection to the environment. By continuing to educate oneself and engaging with the broader herbalism community, individuals can expand their knowledge and refine their practice, contributing to the vibrant tapestry of herbal healing traditions. Let this be a starting point for a lifelong journey of discovery, wellness, and harmony with the natural world.


Q: What are the initial steps to begin practicing herbalism?

A: To start practicing herbalism, you can teach yourself through books and online resources. Additionally, you might consider enrolling in courses or programs, either online or in-person, that are led by experienced herbalists or health-care professionals. Seeking out local classes or plant walks that focus on indigenous plants in your area is another great way to learn.

Q: Is it possible to learn herbalism on my own?

A: Absolutely. There are no formal educational requirements or credentials necessary to become an herbalist. By engaging in thorough research and practical experience, anyone can learn to grow and use plants for medicinal purposes as a self-taught herbalist.

Q: Which are the most potent medicinal plants according to science?

A: Some of the most powerful medicinal plants, backed by scientific research, include Turmeric, Evening Primrose Oil, Flax Seed, Tea Tree Oil, Echinacea, Grapeseed Extract, Lavender, and Chamomile.

Q: How does a clinical herbalist differ from a general herbalist?

A: A clinical herbalist typically has comprehensive formal education in the field of herbalism, including clinical experience. Their training emphasizes evidence-based scientific principles but also encompasses traditional and folk practices of herbalism.


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